Additional resources and websites of particular relevance to The Lifespan/Brown Criminal Justice Research Training Program on Substance Use, HIV, and Comorbidities will be posted as they become available.
Brown University Summer Institute for Clinical and Translational Research
The Summer Institute in Clinical and Translational Research is designed for individuals seeking to enhance the skills needed for conducting clinical and translational research. The program engages interdisciplinary scientists with different areas of expertise from diverse backgrounds and institutions. The program is open to post-doctoral fellows and faculty. The purpose of this program is to provide the foundation for investigators who have the capacity for conducting high quality clinical and translational research. The Summer Institute brings together Brown’s resources and expertise, applying them to the education and training of public health professionals who contribute to the development and application of clinical and translational research.
Academic & Health Policy Conference on Correctional Health
The Correctional Health Conference provides a forum for researchers, clinicians, administrators, educators, policy makers, and grant funding leaders to network, share evidence, and learn about emerging research and relevant policy updates in the field of correctional health care.
NIDA-funded Justice System Research Initiatives
NIDA funds a broad portfolio of research addressing drug abuse in the context of the justice system. Drug abuse and crime are highly correlated in both the adult criminal justice system and the juvenile justice system. Estimates suggest that adult offenders have rates of substance abuse and dependence that are more than four times that of the general population. In juvenile justice settings, it is estimated that 50-75% of juveniles were under the influence of drugs or alcohol at the time of their offense. In addition a portfolio of independent research projects, NIDA has funded three major multisite initiatives to address the myriad issues at the intersection of the criminal justice system and substance use and abuse. These initiatives include:
1. The Juvenile Justice Translational Research on Interventions for Adolescents in the Legal System (JJ-TRIALS)
2. Criminal Justice Drug Abuse Treatment Studies (CJ-DATS)
3. Seek, Test, and Treat: Addressing HIV in the Criminal Justice System.
HRSA/SPNS-funded Enhancing Linkages to HIV Primary Care and Services in Jail Settings (EnhanceLink)
From 2007 – 2012, HRSA’s SPNS program awarded 10 cooperative agreements to organizations to implement and evaluate models for linkages to healthcare and other needed services for people living with HIV who were leaving jails. The goals of the initiative were to design, implement and evaluate innovative methods for identifying and linking people living with HIV/AIDS who are in jail or recently released with HIV primary care and ancillary services to support continuity of care.
HIV-Related Research in Correctional Populations: Now is the Time
The incarcerated population has increased to unprecedented levels following the 1970 US declaration of war on illicit drug use. A substantial proportion of people with or at risk for HIV infection, including those with substance use and mental health disorders, have become incarcerated. The overlapping epidemics of incarceration and HIV present a need for academic medical centers to collaborate with the criminal justice system to improve the health of incarcerated populations. With coordinated collaboration and new programmatic initiatives it is possible to reduce HIV-associated risk behaviors and the likelihood of acquisition and transmission of HIV. Centers for AIDS Research (CFAR), funded by the National Institutes of Health, have proactively responded to this need through Collaboration on HIV in Corrections (CHIC) to improve the diagnosis, treatment, linkage to care, and prevention of HIV. This collaboration serves as a model for aligning academic expertise with criminal justice to confront this challenge to individual and public health. This is especially relevant given recent evidence of the effectiveness of antiretroviral therapy in reducing HIV transmission.